What are Cataracts?

A cataract is a clouding of the normally clear lens of the eye. It can be compared to a window that is frosted or yellowed.

How quickly a cataract develops varies among individuals and may even be different between the two eyes. It is not possible to predict exactly how fast cataracts will develop in any given person.

What causes Cataracts?

The most common type of cataract is related to the aging of the eye. Causes of cataracts include:

  • Family history
  • Medical problems such as diabetes
  • Injury to the eye
  • Medications; especially steroids
  • Long-term, unprotected exposure to sunlight
  • Previous eye surgery

How are Cataracts treated?

Surgery is the only way a cataract can be removed. No medications, dietary supplements or exercises have been shown to prevent or cure cataracts.

When should surgery be done?

Surgery should be considered when cataracts cause enough vision loss to interfere with your daily activities. Based on your symptoms you and your ophthalmologist should decide together when surgery is appropriate.


Never have needed an ophthalmologist, but my son was having recurring problems with swelling of his iris. We were recommended by his peditrictian and we loved the service and welcome we got from Dr. Jeff Kozlowski and his staff and everyone at both the Aiken and North Augusta offices. So much so - that my son now wants to be an ophthalmologist himself! Outstanding service, concern, compassion and friendliness. Would recommend to anyone!

Debbie B